LANGUAGE

Salvador Dalí, Self Portrait

Metaphors We Live By

Metaphor is for most people a device of the poetic imagination and the rhetorical flourish—a matter of extraordinary rather than ordinary language. Moreover, metaphor is typically viewed as characteristic of language alone, a matter of words rather than thought or action.

Susan Sontag

SUSAN SONTAG: ILLNESS AS METAPHOR

Two essays by Susan Sontag are devoted to an analysis of myths surrounding paradigmatic diseases of modern times and metaphors that turn physical illnesses into a moral matter and lead to public shaming of their victims.

ON THE STUPIDITY OF BEING OFFENDED

A compilation for the rejection of the culture of offense. Featuring Christopher Hitchens, Stephen Fry,  Penn Jillette, Louis C.K. and Jim Norton, Richard Dawkins, Peter Hitchens, Steve Hughes, Big Jay Oakerson, Ricky Gervais, Salman Rushdie

POLITICAL LANGUAGE: THE USE AND ABUSE OF RHETORIC – by Umberto Eco

It is moralistic to assert that political discourse must be freed of rhetorical techniques in order to relate to the truth. Running a city is a question of opinions, and it is in relation to this plurality of opinion that the game of reciprocal persuasion must be played.